Crew: Chang-Diaz, Gorie, Kavandi, Lawrence, Precourt, Ryumin. Crew: Allen, Andy, Chang-Diaz, Cheli, Guidoni, Hoffman, Horowitz, Nicollier. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chang-Diaz, Gorie, Kavandi, Lawrence, Precourt, Ryumin. Payload: Spacelab Lengthy Module 1. Nation: USA. Crew: Cockrell, Jernigan, Jones, Musgrave, Rominger. Crew: Chawla, Doi, Kadenyuk, Kregel, Lindsey, Scott, Winston. Columbia carried Terence T Henricks, Kevin R Kregel, Susan J Helms, Richard M Linnehan, Charles E Brady, Jr, Jean-Jacques Favier, and Robert Brent Thirsk to orbit. Half an orbit after launch, at 09:19 GMT, Endeavour fired its OMS engines to lift the orbit to 180 km x 322 km x 51.6 diploma. This was the primary check of the super lightweight Aluminium-Lithium alloy exterior tank, designed to extend shuttle payload to the Mir / International Space Station orbit by 4,000 kg. Aboard Atlantis in the payload bay were the Orbiter Docking System, the modified Long Tunnel, and the Spacehab Double Module, containing supplies for the Mir. At 14:30 GMT on April 6 the crew had been ordered to begin a Minimum Duration Flight (MDF).

The CRISTA-SPAS-2 was making its second flight on the Space Shuttle and represented the fourth mission in a cooperative venture between the German Space Agency (DARA) and NASA. Deployed and retrieved OAST Flyer; retrieved SFU Area Flyer Unit. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chawla, Doi, Kadenyuk, Kregel, Lindsey, Scott, Winston. Nation: USA. Associated Individuals: Baker, Mike, Grunsfeld, Ivins, Jett, Linenger, Wisoff. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox, Coleman, Catherine, Leslie, Lopez-Alegria, Rominger, Sacco, Thornton. Crew: Bowersox, Coleman, Catherine, Leslie, Lopez-Alegria, Rominger, Sacco, Thornton. Backup Crew: Coleman, Catherine. Crew: Cabana, Currie, Krikalyov, Newman, Ross, Sturckow. Crew: Barry, Chiao, Duffy, Jett, Scott, Winston, Wakata. Perigee: 550 km (340 mi). COSPAR: 1998-064xx. Apogee: 560 km (340 mi). COSPAR: 1997-013xx. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

COSPAR: 1997-055A. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). COSPAR: 1997-032xx. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). COSPAR: 1997-023A. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi). COSPAR: 1998-064A. Apogee: 557 km (346 mi). First attempted launch of STS-88 was scrubbed at 09:03 GMT on December 3 resulting from an issue with a hydraulic system sensor. Columbia finally landed at 11:Forty nine GMT December 7 on Runway 33 at Kennedy Space Center, making STS-80 the longest shuttle mission to that date . On April 8 the OMS engines ignited at 17:30 GMT for the deorbit burn, and Columbia landed on Runway 33 at Kennedy Space Center at 18:33 GMT. NASA’s first Shuttle mission of 1997 came to a close with a touchdown at the Kennedy Space Center at 14:22 GMT on January 22 (after the primary opportunity was waved off as a result of cloud cover on the Cape). 1997 January 12 – . 1997 August 7 – . The deorbit burn was on July 17, 1997 at 09:44 GMT and Columbia landed on KSC’s Runway 33 at 10:46:34 GMT. Payload: Columbia F23 / Spacelab LM Unit 1 / EDO. Payload: Atlantis F15 / 316GK SM. Payload: Columbia F25 / Spacelab LM Eurolab.

Payload: Endeavour F12 / Spacehab Double Module. Returned to Earth aboard Atlantis had been 570 kg of U.S. Atlantis undocked from the Mir complex on September 23 at 23:33 GMT. Astronaut John Blaha relieved Shannon Lucid as NASA resident on the complicated. Valeriy Korzun, Aleksandr Kaleri and John Blaha remain on Mir. Sort: Manned spaceplane. Flight: Soyuz TM-26, STS-86 Mir NASA-5, STS-89, STS-89 Mir NASA-6. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: Soyuz TM-25, STS-eighty one Mir NASA-3, STS-84, STS-84 Mir NASA-4. Flight: Soyuz TM-26, STS-84 Mir NASA-4, STS-86, STS-86 Mir NASA-5. Sort: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-82. Flight: Soyuz TM-24, STS-seventy nine Mir NASA-2, STS-81, STS-81 Mir NASA-3. STS-eighty one – . Call Sign: Atlantis. Inclination: 28.40 deg. Period: 95.Seventy five min. Inclination: 51.70 deg. Interval: 92.10 min. Inclination: 51.70 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Liftoff was additional delayed 20 minutes due to anomalous oxygen readings within the orbiter’s payload bay. The launch of STS-83, the first Microgravity Science Laboratory (MSL-1) mission, was postponed for a day to change some insulation around a water coolant line in Columbia’s payload bay.